The process of equity listing on the Exchange consists of several steps. Its
time requirement and complexity also depend on the “type” of listing the company
intends to realise:
1.“Simple” listing on the Exchange, without a capital increase (issue of new
shares) or public offering of existing shares (exit). In this case, when the company
appears on the market, it creates a future possibility for flexible funding.
At the same time, it “learns" how to comply with requirements associated with
maintaining its shares on the Exchange, while allowing the company to continuously
test company performance in the public markets. Performing well during this presence
on the Exchange improves a company’s conditions for raising future funds.
A firm may benefit from this option when it does not need additional capital
at the time of the listing, or when the firm’s owners intend to sell their stakes
or a portion thereof only in the medium or long term.
On the other hand, going public on an Exchange undoubtedly creates a challenge
that the company has to cope with even in the period preceding raising the actual
funds or prior to exit.
2.“Traditional public offering”: a listing where the admission to the Exchange
is coupled with the offer of a share package to the public, i.e. either the issue
of new shares or sale by owners or a combination of the two.